Cognitive Psychology Quiz



9 Questions

What is the primary goal of cognitive psychology?

What was behaviorism's stance on mental processes?

What is the difference between cognitive psychology and cognitive science?

What is working memory?

What are the three main sub-classes of long-term memory?

What is perception?

What is the Theory of Mind (ToM)?

What is cognitive-behavioral therapy?

What is the difference between cognitive linguistics and generative grammar?


Cognitive Psychology: A Summary

  • Cognitive psychology is the scientific study of mental processes such as attention, language use, memory, perception, problem-solving, creativity, and reasoning.

  • Cognitive psychology originated in the 1960s in a break from behaviorism, which held from the 1920s to 1950s that unobservable mental processes were outside the realm of empirical science.

  • The domain of cognitive psychology overlaps with that of cognitive science, which takes a more interdisciplinary approach and includes studies of non-human subjects and artificial intelligence.

  • The mid to late 19th century was a critical time in the development of psychology as a scientific discipline, with discoveries like Paul Broca's and Carl Wernicke's work on language.

  • Cognitive psychologists study the mental processes that affect behavior, including attention, memory, perception, language, and metacognition.

  • Attention can be divided into two major attentional systems: exogenous control and endogenous control.

  • Short-term memory is more clearly defined as working memory, which is the ability to process and maintain temporary information in a wide range of everyday activities in the face of distraction.

  • Long-term memory is broken down into three main sub-classes: episodic memory, semantic memory, and procedural memory.

  • Perception involves both the physical senses and the cognitive processes involved in interpreting those senses.

  • Social cognition is a specific sub-set of social psychology that concentrates on processes that have been of particular focus within cognitive psychology, specifically applied to human interactions.

  • The Theory of Mind (ToM) deals specifically with the ability of an individual to effectively understand and attribute cognition to those around them.

  • Cognitive psychology is better understood as predominantly concerned with applied psychology, while cognitive science is better understood as predominantly concerned with a much broader scope, with links to philosophy, linguistics, anthropology.Overview of Cognitive Psychology

  • Cognitive psychology is the study of mental processes such as "attention, language use, perception, problem solving, memory, and thinking."

  • Cognitive psychology is a branch of psychology that emerged in the mid-20th century, and its precursors can be traced back to the 1800s.

  • Cognitive psychology is concerned with how people acquire, process, and store information.

  • The primary goal of cognitive psychology is to explain how people think, reason, and remember.

  • Cognitive psychology is closely related to neuroscience and artificial intelligence.

  • Cognitive psychology often involves non-human subjects to avoid ethical scrutiny if performed on human participants.

  • Some observers have suggested that cognitive psychology has lost cohesion as a field of study due to the intricacies of the phenomena and processes it examines.

  • There is disagreement between neuropsychologists and cognitive psychologists, and cognitive psychology has produced models of cognition which are not supported by modern brain science.

  • In the field of language cognition research, there is a divide between generative grammar and cognitive linguistics.

  • Major research areas in cognitive psychology include attention, perception, memory, language, problem-solving, and decision-making.

  • Influential cognitive psychologists include George Miller, Jean Piaget, Ulric Neisser, and Noam Chomsky.

  • Cognitive psychology has contributed to the development of cognitive-behavioral therapy, which is a form of psychotherapy that focuses on changing thought patterns to improve mental health.


Take our quiz on cognitive psychology to test your knowledge of mental processes such as attention, memory, perception, language, problem solving, and reasoning. Explore the history and development of cognitive psychology, its relationship to other fields such as neuroscience and artificial intelligence, and the major research areas within the field. See how much you know about influential cognitive psychologists and their contributions, as well as the practical applications of cognitive psychology in areas such as psychotherapy. Take the quiz and challenge yourself to think critically about the workings

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