Challenge Your Mind with These Biology and Ecology Quizzes



9 Questions

What is the scientific study of life called?

What is the fundamental unit of life?

What is metabolism?

What is evolution?

What is speciation?

What is a phylogenetic tree used for?

What is an ecosystem?

What is a trophic level?

What is conservation biology?


Biology: The Study of Life

  • Biology is the scientific study of life, with a broad scope and several unifying themes that tie it together as a single, coherent field.

  • All organisms are made up of cells that process hereditary information encoded in genes, which can be transmitted to future generations.

  • Evolution explains the unity and diversity of life, while energy processing is important for movement, growth, and reproduction.

  • Biologists study life at multiple levels of organization, from molecular biology to anatomy and physiology, and evolution of populations, using the scientific method.

  • Life on Earth is immensely diverse, and biologists study and classify various forms of life, contributing to the biodiversity of an ecosystem.

  • Biology has roots in ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia, with contributions from ancient Greek philosophers, medieval Islamic scholars, and natural historians.

  • Anton van Leeuwenhoek's microscope improved biological thinking, and the 19th century saw the central importance of the cell and cell theory.

  • Taxonomy and classification became the focus of natural historians, while serious evolutionary thinking began with Jean-Baptiste Lamarck and Charles Darwin.

  • The basis of modern genetics began with Gregor Mendel, and molecular genetics emerged in the mid-20th century.

  • All organisms are made up of chemical elements, and organic compounds are molecules that contain carbon bonded to another element such as hydrogen.

  • Cells are the fundamental units of life, and there are generally two types: eukaryotic cells containing a nucleus and prokaryotic cells that do not.

  • Metabolism is the set of chemical reactions in an organism, and enzymes are crucial to metabolism because they allow desirable reactions that require energy.organisms. Gene expression can also be regulated by epigenetic modifications, which can affect the accessibility of DNA to transcription factors and other regulatory proteins. Epigenetic modifications include DNA methylation, histone modifications, and non-coding RNA molecules. Gene regulation is essential for the proper development and function of cells and organisms, and dysregulation of gene expression can lead to disease.Biology: A Comprehensive Overview

  • Gene expression is regulated by transcription factors, both positive and negative, and epigenetic changes to chromatin.

  • Development involves determination, differentiation, morphogenesis, and growth, which are controlled by highly controlled modifications in gene expression and epigenetics.

  • Morphogenesis is the result of spatial differences in gene expression, controlled by a small fraction of the genes in an organism's genome called the developmental-genetic toolkit, with differences in deployment of toolkit genes affecting the body plan and the number, identity, and pattern of body parts.

  • Evolution is the change in heritable characteristics of populations over successive generations, with natural selection acting on individuals better adapted to their environment, leading to the accumulation of favorable traits over successive generations.

  • Speciation is the process by which one lineage splits into two lineages as a result of having evolved independently from each other, requiring reproductive isolation.

  • Phylogeny is an evolutionary history of a specific group of organisms or their genes, represented using a phylogenetic tree, with homologous features indicating shared ancestry.

  • Earth's history is divided into major divisions, starting with four eons, with the last universal common ancestor living about 3.5 billion years ago, and the Phanerozoic eon that began 539 million years ago being subdivided into Paleozoic, Mesozoic, and Cenozoic eras.

  • Bacteria and archaea are prokaryotic microorganisms with unique properties separating them from eukaryotes, with archaea possessing genes and several metabolic pathways that are more closely related to those of eukaryotes, and using more energy sources than eukaryotes.

  • Eukaryotes are hypothesized to have split from archaea, and diversified in the Precambrian into eight major clades, with plants being predominantly photosynthetic eukaryotes, fungi digesting food outside their bodies, and animals being multicellular eukaryotes.

  • Viruses are submicroscopic infectious agents that replicate inside the cells of organisms, with origins in the evolutionary history of life unclear, and acting as an important means of horizontal gene transfer.

  • Ecology is the study of how organisms interact with their environment, with complex interactions forming intricate food webs.Ecology: A Brief Overview

  • Ecology is the study of the distribution and abundance of life and the interaction between organisms and their environment.

  • An ecosystem is a community of living organisms and nonliving components that are linked through nutrient cycles and energy flows.

  • A population is a group of organisms of the same species that occupies an area and reproduces from generation to generation.

  • A community is a group of populations of species occupying the same geographical area at the same time, and biological interactions are the effects that pairs of organisms living together have on each other.

  • Every species participates as a consumer, resource, or both in consumer-resource interactions, which form the core of food chains or food webs.

  • On average, the total amount of energy incorporated into the biomass of a trophic level per unit of time is about one-tenth of the energy of the trophic level that it consumes.

  • The global ecosystem or biosphere consists of different interacting compartments, which can be biotic or abiotic as well as accessible or inaccessible, depending on their forms and locations.

  • A biogeochemical cycle is a pathway by which specific elements of matter are turned over or moved through the biotic and abiotic compartments of Earth.

  • Conservation biology is the study of the conservation of Earth's biodiversity with the aim of protecting species, their habitats, and ecosystems from excessive rates of extinction and the erosion of biotic interactions.

  • Estimates suggest that up to 50% of all species on the planet will disappear within the next 50 years, which has contributed to poverty, starvation, and will reset the course of evolution on this planet.

  • Biodiversity affects the functioning of ecosystems, which provide a variety of services upon which people depend.

  • Conservation biologists research and educate on the trends of biodiversity loss, species extinctions, and the negative effect these are having on our capabilities to sustain the well-being of human society.


Test your knowledge of biology and ecology with these informative quizzes! Whether you're a student studying for an exam or just looking to expand your knowledge, these quizzes cover a wide range of topics in these fields. From the basics of cell biology to the complexities of ecology and conservation, these quizzes will challenge and stimulate your mind while helping you learn more about the fascinating world of life and the environment. So, put your thinking caps on and take these quizzes to see how much you know!

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