What is brain mapping?
What are the techniques used in brain mapping?
What is the criticism of brain mapping?
What are the limitations of brain mapping?
What can brain mapping be used for?
What are some significant milestones achieved by brain mapping?
What is the drawback of studying brain functions by dividing the brain into specific regions?
What can brain mapping be used to study besides the human brain?
What are the areas of brain mapping that are constantly evolving?
Neuroscience techniques are used to map the human or non-human brain, producing maps that are based on the mapping of biological quantities or properties onto spatial representations of the brain; brain mapping is defined as the study of the anatomy and function of the brain and spinal cord through the use of imaging, immunohistochemistry, molecular & optogenetics, stem cell and cellular biology, engineering, neurophysiology and nanotechnology. Brain mapping techniques are constantly evolving and rely on the development and refinement of image acquisition, representation, analysis, visualization and interpretation techniques. Brain mapping has been criticised for making claims about the brain that are not verifiable with the equipment used and based on an incorrect assumption that brain functions are divided into specific regions; many functions involve multiple parts of the brain and can only be described correctly after being measured with much more fine-grained measurements that look not at large regions but instead at a very large number of tiny individual brain circuits. Brain mapping is used to study the anatomy, physiology, perfusion, function and phenotypes of the human brain and can be used to understand traumatic brain injuries and improve brain injury treatment. Brain mapping has achieved some significant milestones such as the creation of the most comprehensive 3D map of the human brain, the first complete neuron-level-resolution 3D map of a monkey brain, and the first connectome that shows how an animal's brain changes throughout its lifetime. Brain mapping is also used to show the development of a mammalian neural circuit and to study brain regeneration.
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