Behaviorism Quiz



9 Questions

What is behaviorism?

Who developed methodological behaviorism?

What is radical behaviorism?

What is operant conditioning?

What is ABA?

What is cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT)?

What is the community reinforcement approach?

What is the goal of behavioral therapy?

Who are some notable behaviorists?


Behaviorism: A Summary

  • Behaviorism is a systematic approach to understanding the behavior of humans and animals.

  • It assumes that behavior is a reflex evoked by certain antecedent stimuli in the environment or a consequence of an individual's history, including reinforcement and punishment contingencies, together with the individual's current motivational state and controlling stimuli.

  • Behaviorism emerged in the early 1900s as a reaction to depth psychology and other traditional forms of psychology.

  • John B. Watson devised methodological behaviorism in 1924, rejecting introspective methods and sought to understand behavior by only measuring observable behaviors and events.

  • B.F. Skinner suggested that covert behavior is subject to the same controlling variables as observable behavior, which became the basis for his philosophy called radical behaviorism.

  • Skinner assessed the reinforcement histories of the discriminative stimuli that emit behavior, called operant conditioning.

  • Radical behaviorism overlaps considerably with other western philosophical positions, such as American pragmatism.

  • Skinner's empirical work expanded on earlier research on trial-and-error learning by researchers such as Thorndike and Guthrie.

  • Skinner's focus turned to human language with his 1957 book Verbal Behavior and other language-related publications.

  • Behaviorism focuses on one particular view of learning: a change in external behavior achieved through using reinforcement and repetition to shape the behavior of learners.

  • Operant conditioning was developed by B.F. Skinner in 1937 and deals with the management of environmental contingencies to change behavior.

  • Behaviorism is a psychological movement that can be contrasted with philosophy of mind.Overview of Behaviorism and its Applications

  • Behaviorism is a scientific approach that focuses on observable and measurable behavior and is based on the principles of learning and conditioning.

  • Skinner's view of behavior is often characterized as a "molecular" view of behavior, where behavior can be decomposed into atomistic parts or molecules, but molar behaviorists argue that behavior is best understood as the ultimate product of an organism's history.

  • Theoretical behaviorism recognized that a historical system, an organism, has a state as well as sensitivity to stimuli and the ability to emit responses, and links between the brain and behavior provide a real understanding of the behavior.

  • Behavior analysis has always been at the philosophical core of radical behaviorism, and cultural analysis has been a productive area of interdisciplinary work for behavior analysts and cultural anthropologists.

  • Behavior informatics and behavior computing explore behavior intelligence and behavior insights from the informatics and computing perspectives.

  • Behavior therapy is a term referring to different types of therapies that treat mental health disorders by identifying and changing people's unhealthy behaviors or destructive behaviors through learning theory and conditioning.

  • Applied behavior analysis (ABA) applies the principles of behavior analysis to change behavior and is a thriving field with interest in a wide range of topics.

  • ABA has been particularly well-established in the area of developmental disabilities, and early behavioral interventions (EBIs) based on ABA are empirically validated for teaching children with autism.

  • Discrete trial training and incidental teaching are traditional EBI techniques for teaching children with autism to sit, imitate, and learn eye contact and speech.

  • Organizational behavior management applies contingency management procedures to model and reinforce appropriate work behavior for employees in organizations.

  • Cognitive-behavior therapy (CBT) often overlaps considerably with the clinical behavior analysis subfield of ABA but differs in that it initially incorporates cognitive restructuring and emotional regulation to alter a person's cognition and emotions.

  • DBT is quite similar to acceptance and commitment therapy, but contrasts in that it derives from a CBT framework and is most widely researched for and empirically validated to reduce the risk of suicide in psychiatric patients with borderline personality disorder.Behavioral Therapy Summary

  • Behavioral therapy is a form of psychotherapy that focuses on changing maladaptive behaviors through reinforcement and conditioning techniques.

  • The therapy is based on the principles of behavioral learning theories, including classical and operant conditioning.

  • The therapy is used to treat a variety of mental health disorders, including anxiety disorders, depression, addiction, and eating disorders.

  • Behavioral therapy can be delivered in different formats, including individual therapy, group therapy, and self-help manuals.

  • The therapy is time-limited, typically lasting between 12 and 20 sessions.

  • Behavioral therapy is often combined with other treatments, such as medication or cognitive therapy.

  • The therapy has been shown to be effective in treating a wide range of mental health disorders, with success rates ranging from 60 to 90%.

  • Behavioral therapy is often used in combination with other evidence-based psychotherapies, such as cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT).

  • Other therapies derived from behavioral learning principles include community reinforcement approach and family training, and habit reversal training for substance abuse and tics, respectively.

  • Notable behaviorists include B.F. Skinner, Albert Bandura, and Ivan Pavlov.

  • Behavioral therapy is a widely used and researched form of psychotherapy.

  • APA 7th edition formatted reference can be found in the reference section.

  • Further reading and external links are available for those interested in learning more about behavioral therapy.


Test your knowledge of behaviorism with this quiz! From the history and principles of behaviorism to its applications in therapy, this quiz covers a wide range of topics related to this scientific approach to understanding behavior. Challenge yourself with questions on key figures such as B.F. Skinner and Ivan Pavlov, as well as different types of behavioral therapies and techniques. Whether you're a psychology student or just interested in learning more about behaviorism, this quiz is a great way to test your knowledge and expand your understanding

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