What is Walter Gropius known for?
Where was Walter Gropius born?
Who was Walter Gropius' great-uncle?
When did Walter Gropius marry Alma Mahler?
What was the name of Walter Gropius' daughter?
What did Walter Gropius transform into the Bauhaus School?
Who did Walter Gropius collaborate with to design the new Bauhaus Dessau school building?
When did Walter Gropius move to the United States?
What was the name of the architects' community where Walter Gropius lived and worked in London?
Walter Adolph Georg Gropius was a German-American architect and founder of the Bauhaus School. He is regarded as one of the pioneering masters of modernist architecture and a leading architect of the International Style. Gropius was born in Berlin in 1883, and his great-uncle Martin Gropius was the architect of the Kunstgewerbemuseum in Berlin. In 1915, he married Alma Mahler, widow of Gustav Mahler, and they had a daughter named Manon. After the death of Manon, Gropius and Mahler divorced, and he married Ilse Frank in 1923. Gropius transformed the Grand-Ducal Saxon School of Arts and Crafts in Weimar into the world-famous Bauhaus, attracting renowned faculty members. He designed the new Bauhaus Dessau school building in 1925-26 and collaborated with Carl Fieger, Ernst Neufert, and others. Gropius left the Bauhaus in 1928 and moved to Berlin, then to the United States in 1937. He lived and worked in the artists' community associated with Herbert Read in Hampstead, London, as part of the Isokon group with Maxwell Fry and others for three years. Gropius and his Bauhaus protégé Marcel Breuer both moved to Cambridge, Massachusetts, to teach at the Harvard Graduate School of Design. Gropius was asked by the young founding members of The Architects Collaborative (TAC) to join as their senior partner in 1945. He died on July 5, 1969, in Boston, Massachusetts, aged 86. Today, Gropius is remembered not only by his various buildings but also by the district of Gropiusstadt in Berlin.
Test your knowledge on the life and work of Walter Gropius, the pioneering master of modernist architecture and founder of the Bauhaus School. From his early years in Berlin to his influential role in shaping the International Style and his later career in the United States, this quiz will challenge your understanding of Gropius's legacy. See how much you know about his famous buildings and collaborations with other influential architects, as well as his personal life, including his marriage to Alma Mahler and the tragic loss
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