Creative Writing: Episodic Structure and Narrative Techniques

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40 Questions

What type of narrator is characterized by using 'I' to refer to themselves?

Internal Narrator

What is the name of the character with whom the reader usually sympathizes or identifies?

Protagonist

Which type of character is known for having no depth and no change?

Flat Characters

What is the term for a narrator who knows everything about the story?

Omniscient Narrator

What is the name of the character who opposes the protagonist and creates conflict?

Antagonist

What is the term for a type of narration where one incident is linked to another by common characters or a unified theme?

Episodic

What is the term for a narrator who looks at things only through the eyes of a single character?

Limited Narrator

What is the name of the character with a fully developed personality?

Round Character

What is the purpose of setting in a narrative?

To establish the mood of a story

What is integral setting?

A fully described setting in both time and place

What is the central topic of a text?

Theme

What is verbal irony?

A contrast between what is said and what is meant

What is the purpose of stage directions?

To provide information on setting and how the play should be performed

What is an aside?

A short speech to the audience that the characters cannot hear

What is a drama?

A story told in dialogue form

What is the structure of a linear plot?

Constructed logically and not by coincidence

How can characters be revealed in a narrative?

All of the above

What is a typical length of a one-act play?

Between 10-40 pages

What is a monologue?

A long uninterrupted speech that reveals the speaker's thoughts and feelings

What is a soliloquy?

A long uninterrupted speech in which the character is alone on stage

How is a setting description typically formatted?

Indented halfway across the page, running to the right margin

What is used to indicate the beginning and end of a play?

Lighting

What is a stage direction?

An instruction for the actor's movement or action

How many characters are typically in a one-act play?

Less than 4

What is the contrast between what happens and what was expected called?

Situational Irony

What is the purpose of evaluating characters' words and actions?

To determine what motivates them

What is the term for a character, action, setting, or object representing something else?

Symbolism

What is the purpose of identifying character changes?

To notice their growth or development

What is the term for a writer's technique that provides clues or hints about what is going to happen later in the story?

Foreshadowing

What is the purpose of visualizing the characters as you read stage directions?

To imagine the characters' appearance and actions

What is the term for a writer's technique that interrupts the plot to recreate an incident of an earlier time?

Flashback

What is the term for a form of dramatic irony in which a character about to become a victim of disaster uses words that have one meaning to them and another to the spectator?

Tragic Irony

What is the common abbreviation for Stage Right?

SR

What is the purpose of the 'Lights up' direction in a script?

To signal the start of a scene

How should a character's name be formatted in a script?

In all caps and bold

What notation is used when a character's dialogue is interrupted by a page break?

(cont'd)

How is offstage dialogue typically notated in a script?

With the phrase 'Offstage' or 'Off.'

What is used to indicate when one character interrupts another?

Double dashes or an em dash

How can emphasis be added to dialogue in a script?

With bold or italicized text

What is the term for when characters speak at the same time in a script?

Simultaneous dialogue

Study Notes

Creative Writing

  • Creative writing involves constructing a narrative through characters, plot, setting, theme, and literary devices.

Point of View

  • Types of narrators: • Internal narrator (first-person narrator): uses "I" to refer to themselves. • Omniscient narrator (multiple points of view): knows everything about the story. • Limited narrator (external subjective narrator): looks at things only through the eyes of a single character.

Characters

  • Types of characters: • Protagonist (hero): the central figure with whom we sympathize or identify. • Antagonist (villain): the figure who opposes the protagonist and creates conflict.
  • Ways characters are portrayed: • Flat characters (stock, static characters, or stereotypes): no depth, no change. • Round characters (dynamic characters): fully developed personalities.
  • Ways characters are revealed: • What the narrator says about the character. • What other characters say about the character. • What the character says about themselves. • What the character does.

Setting

  • Refers to the time, geographical locations, and general environment that prevail in a narrative.
  • Helps establish the mood of a story.
  • Two types of setting: • Integral setting: fully described in both time and place (historical fiction). • Backdrop setting: vague and general, conveying a universal, timeless tale.

Theme

  • The central topic a text treats.
  • Can be divided into two parts: • What the work is about. • What the work says about the subject.

Plot

  • The structure of the action of a story.
  • Types of plot: • Linear: constructed logically, not by coincidence.

Irony

  • Expression of one's meaning by using language that normally signifies the opposite.
  • Types of irony: • Verbal irony: contrast between what is said and what is meant. • Situational irony: contrast between what happens and what was expected. • Dramatic irony: contrast between what a character thinks is true and what the reader knows to be true. • Tragic irony: a character about to become a victim of disaster uses words that have one meaning to them and another to the spectator or those aware of the real situation.

Symbolism

  • A character, action, setting, or object representing something else.

Flashback

  • A writer's technique used to recreate an incident of an earlier time.

Foreshadowing

  • A writer's technique providing clues or hints as to what will happen later in the story.

Drama

  • Any story told in dialogue form by actors.

One-Act Play

  • Usually between 10-40 pages long, with 4 or less developed characters.

Dialogue

  • Conversation between characters.
  • Types of dialogue: • Monologue: a long uninterrupted speech that reveals the speaker's thoughts and feelings. • Soliloquy: a long uninterrupted speech in which the character is alone on stage.

Stage Directions

  • Provide information on setting and how the play should be performed.

Strategies for Reading Drama

  • Connect personal experiences to events in the drama.
  • Visualize the characters as you read stage directions.
  • Evaluate characters' words and actions and determine what motivates them.
  • Notice character changes.
  • Analyze monologues and soliloquies.
  • Read the play aloud.
  • Identify the setting and its significance in the story.

Identifying Elements

  • Identify: • Setting/s: Explain significance in the story. • Characters: Provide brief descriptions for each. • Plot: Summarize the events in the story. • Theme: Explain the prevailing message extracted from the play. • Appreciation: Relate the theme of the story to the current social or political situation in our country.

Explore the episodic structure in creative writing, where short episodes are linked by common characters or a unified theme. Learn about point of view and character types, including internal narrators and first-person narrators.

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